Al-Barzanji - A biography

Discussion in 'Siyar an-Nubala' started by abu nibras, Apr 21, 2005.

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  1. abu nibras

    abu nibras Staff Member

    jazakallah khair !
     
  2. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    wa `alaykum as salaam.

    it wasn't really the idea, but can i say no?

    hashr tak dalengey ham paydayish e mawla ki dhoom
    misley faras najd ke qil'ye giratey jaayenge
    khaak ho jayen `udu jal kar magar hum to raza
    dam meiN jab tak dam hai zikr unkaa sunatey jayenge!
     
  3. abu nibras

    abu nibras Staff Member

    jazakallah khair for your effort ! and what a time to remember the author the celebrated Mawlid al-Barzanjī.

    now that you have posted this - does my anticipation for something from the Mawlid al-Barzanjī have any ground ?

    --abu nibras
     
  4. Wadood

    Wadood Veteran

    :s1:

    Sayyadina Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abd al Rasool al Barzanji al Musawi raHmatuAllah 'alayh is the truth of a Musawi Sayyid not those heretic notorious ithna 'ashri Shi'a Safawi liars running around all over southern 'Iraq and Iran and elsewhere.
     
  5. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ábd ar-Rasūl ibn Ábd as-Sayyid al-Álawi al-Husayni, al-Mūsawī, ash-Shaharzūrī, al-Barzanjī; and thenceforth, al-Madanī. He was born in Shahrzūr, a Kurdish town in Iraq on Friday, the 12th of Rabīý al-Awwal, 1040 AH.

    He grew up in Shahrzūr and read the holy Qur’an and other Islamic sciences with his father. He also studied under Mulla Zayrak and Mulla Sharīf as-Siddīqi al-Kawrānī.

    He traveled to many cities seeking knowledge and thus he studied under Aĥmed as-Salaĥī in Mardayn, Abu’l Wafā al-Árđī and Muĥammad al-Kawākibī in Aleppo, Ábd al-Bāqī al-Hanbalī and Ábd al-Qadir as-Šaqūri in Damascus, Shaykh Mudlij in Baghdād and in Yemen. In Egypt he studied under the shaykhs Muĥammad al-Bābili, Álīy ash-Shibrāmilsi, Sultān Mizāĥī, Muĥammad al-Ánānī and Ahmed al-Ájamī. Finally, he settled in Madīnah where he became a disciple of the great shaykhs: Ibrāhīm ibn Hasan al-Kawrānī and Aĥmed al-Qashshāshī.

    He was the chief mufti of the Shāfiýīs in Madīnah. The shaykh passed away in Muĥarram in Madīnah in 1103 AH. He was buried in al-Baqīý alongside other prominent Barzanjis. Many of his descendants became prominent scholars and many held the post of the ‘Chief Mufti of Shāfiýīs’ in Madinah.

    [hadyatu’l áārifīn 2:302, silku’d durar 4:65, mújamu’l muallifīn 9:308 – from the preface of the book ‘ashratu’s sāáh’, dār al-minhāj: jeddah.]
    ---
    His works:

    1. irshād al-awwāh ilā maána ĥadīth “man qara’a ĥarfan min kitābillāh”
    2. al-ishāáh li ashrāť as-sāáh
    3. iđāatu’n nibrās li izāhatu’l waswās al-khannās
    4. al-aájūbah fī aámāl al-maktūbah
    5. anhāru’s salsabīl li riyāđ anwāru’t tanzīl
    6. al-ihtidā’a fi’l jamýi bayna aĥādīth al-ibtidā’a
    7. īqādh dhawi’l intibāh li fahmi’l ishtibāh al-wāqiý li’bni nujaym fi’l ashbāh
    8. at-tarjīĥ wa’t taš’ĥīĥ li šalāti’t tasbīĥ
    9. tašqīli lawĥ al-īmān bi tanzīhi árshi’r Raĥmān
    10. rijl at-tāwūs fī sharĥi’l qāmūs
    11. as-sanā wa’s sunūt fī aĥkāmi’l qunūt
    12. rafá al-išr án maánā kawnihi śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam ummiyan lam yanťiqu’sh shiýr
    13. an-nawāfiđ li’r rawāfiđ
    14. al-qawl as-sadīd fi jawābi rasmi’l imāmi wa’t tajwīd
    15. al-qawl al-mukhtašar fī tarjamati ibn ĥajar
    16. at-targhīb wa’t tarkhīm li munkari’t taážīm wa’t tafkhīm
    17. khāliš at-talkhīš mukhtašar talkhīš al-miftāĥ
    18. as-sabīl fī iýrābi ĥasbunAllāh wa niýma’l wakīl
    19. sadād ad-dīn wa sidād ad-dīn fī ithbāti’n najāti wa’d darajāti li’l wālidayn
    20. as-šāfī áni’l kadar fī aĥādīthi’l qađā’a wa’l qadar

    ---
    He writes an endnote in Ashrāť as-Sāáh, thus:

    “The author, a supplicant of Allâh, Muhammad ibn Ábd ar-Rasūl ibn Ábd as-Sayyid al-Álawi al-Husayni, al-Mūsawī, ash-Shaharzūrī, al-Barzanjī; and thence, al-Madanī – may Allâh forgive him.

    I have finished this book, on Wednesday, 11th Dhu’l Qaádah, 1076 AH, in the city of the Prophet (śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam) in my place of az-Zaqqâq also known as Suwayqah. I praise Allâh, send Salawāt on RasūlAllāh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam along with many prayers; and beseech forgiveness for all Muslim men and women; may Allâh make this a means for my salvation on the day of judgement, for the sake of the Prince of the pious. Amen.”


    ----
    In the appendix of Kashf až-Žunûn, al-Barzanjī is mentioned thus:

    Al-Barzanjī: Jaáfar ibn as-Sayyid Ĥasan ibn Ábd al-Karîm ibn Muhammad ibn Ábd ar-Rasûl al-Ĥusayni al-Barzanjī al-Madanī; the [chief?] mufti of Shafiýīs in Madīnah. He passed away in 1177 AH. This Barzanji is a great grandson of the notable scholar mentioned above.

    His works include:
    - al-birr al-áājil, bi ibāĥati’sh shaykh muĥammad ghāfil.
    - jāliyatu’l kadar bi asmāyi ašĥābi sayyidi’l malāyiki wa’l bashar.
    - jāliyatu’l kurab bi asmāyi sayyidil ájami wal árab.
    - al-jānī ad-dāni fī manāqibi’sh shaykh ábd al-Qādir al-kaylānī.
    - ar-rawđ al-miýťār fīmā yaĥiddī as-sayyid muĥammad mina’l asháār.
    - ash-shaqāyiq al-utrujiyyah fī manāqib al-ashrāf al-barzanjiyyah.
    - ať-ťawāliý al-asádiyyah mina’l maťāliý al-mushriqiyyah.
    - al-árīn li asmāyi’s šaĥābati’l badriyyīn.
    - fatĥu’r Raĥmān álā ajwibati’s sayyid ramađān.
    - al-fayđ al-Laťīf bi ijābati nāyibi’sh sharýi’sh sharīf.
    - an-nafkh al-farajī fī fat’ĥi jitta jī (??) [historical work].
    - nuhūđ al-layth, li jawābi abi’l ghayth.

    [vol.5/page 211; entry al-barzanjī, under bab al-jīm;]

    A Moroccon shaykh by name Muĥammad ibn Aĥmed Álīsh, al-Mālikī, al-Maghribī, ash-Shādhili has written a commentary on the book “Mawlid al-Barzanjī” and named it: “al-Qawl al-Munjī, álā Mawlid al-Barzanjī”. The date of his passing away is given as: 1299 AH.
     

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