Famousest [sic] classical religious Arabic poems

Discussion in 'Poetry' started by salaam92, Dec 19, 2006.

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  1. salaam92

    salaam92 New Member

    Just to add to the above listing:

    Seerah - Alfiyat al-Sirah al-Nabawiyah al-Musammah Nazhm al-Durar al-Saniyah fi al-Siyar al-Zakiyah by Zayn al-Din `Abd al-Rahim ibn al-Husayn al-`Iraqi. This recently received a new annotated edition by the late al-Sayyid Muhammad bin al-`Alawi al-Maliki.

    Hanafi Fiqh - "Matn Tuhfat al-Tullab" by Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn `Umar Mulla.

    Hanafi Fiqh- "Nazhm Nur al-Eidaah" by `Abd al-Kareem bin `Abd Allah Hamza. When I saw a copy of this in 2005 it was only partially complete and so it may be completed by now. As the author was composing under the supervision of the Mufti of the Hanafis in Damascus, Shaykh `Abd al-Razzaq al-Halabi.
    There is also more than one nazhm on Kanz al-Daqa'iq with more than one commentary.

    Usul al-Fiqh - "al-Waraqat" by Imam al-Juwayni on general Usul al-Fiqh but it's Shafi`i-ish.

    Hanafi Usul al-Fiqh - "Manzhumat al-Kawakibi fi Usul al-fiqh al-S¨¡dah al-Hanafiyah". It's a poem upon al-Nasafi's famous "al-Manar" by Muhammad ibn Hasan Kawakibi. al-Kawakibi also wrote a commentary upon it.
    There exists another didactical poem upon al-Manar by Shaykh Fakhr al-Din ibn Ahmad ibn Ali who is known as 'Ibn al-Fasih al-Hamdani,' but I cannot recall the title.

    Mantiq - "al-Sullam al-Munawraq" on Logic.

    Sarf - "Laamiyat al-Af`aal" by Ibn Malik

    There's many more matns that the `ulama have written on all sorts of different sciences. Please refer to "Majmu` Muhimmat al-Mutun" for an additional 60+.
  2. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    There is al-Hamziyyah fi mad'Hi khayri'l bariyyah, an ode in which each verse ends with the letter 'hamzah' - again by imam busayri; qaSidah al-Mudarriyyah and qaSidah MuHammadiyyah are also by him.

    there was a time when scholars wrote entire treatises in verse! we have long-poems in almost any branch of islamic science - even refutations! but the most complex ones are those in recitation or qira'at like Hirz al-amani wa wajhu't tahani by imam ShaTibi;

    badyi'l amali, jawharatu't tawHid, `aqidatu'l `awaam, kharidatu'l bahiyyah in `aqidah

    al-alfiyyah [poem of thousand lines - one by al-`iraqi and another by as-suyuTi], al-bayquniyyah, manzumat ibn Sabban, qaSidah al-gharamiyyah in principles of Hadith

    al-jazriyyah, ad-durratu'l muDiyyah, al-mufid fi't tajwid, hirz al-amani, tayyibatu'n nashr in tajweed and recitation

    it was mentioned some time ago on our forum that ibn `abidin wrote a poem on the principles of fiqh and the rules for the jurist.

    also matn ibn al-`ashir covering fiqh.

    ibn malik's al-alfiyyah [thousand line poem] in grammar is perhaps the most widely read in this subject; a common sharH that can be found anywhere is awDaH al-masalik fi sharHi alfiyatu ibn malik.

    ar-ramizah on poetic meters and prosody [`uruD wa'l qawafi] by Diyauddin al-khazraji from the seventh century.

    al-aajrumiyyah is a text on grammar, and it was versified by the name: nazm al-aajrumiyyah;

    a meccan scholar wrote one named al-jawharatu'l muDiyyah and asked alaHazrat to annotate this in urdu which he did naming it an-nayyiratu'l wadiyyah fi sharHi al-jawharatu'l muDiyyah.

    imam nab'hani wrote: aHsanu'l wasayil fi naDHmi asma an-nabi al-kamil where he versified the names of RasulAllah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam.

    ar-raHbiyyah [bughyatu'l baaHith] is a famous qaSidah explaining inheritance laws according to the four madh'habs.

    among the pre-islamic poetry, the most famous ones are the hanging poems or the al-mu`allaqat as-saba`ah [the seven hanging poems].
    - imru'u al-qays
    - Tarafah ibn `abd al-bakari
    - zuhayr ibn abu salma al-muzani
    - labid ibn rabi`ah al-`amiri [who later became a SaHabi]
    - `amr ibn kulthum
    - `antarah ibn shaddad
    - Harith ibn Hillizah al-bashkuriy

    [i think khansaa was one of them, but the above is ibn Sabban's list]
    Last edited: Jun 11, 2015
  3. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    there are actually two different odes by two different people named as the 'ode of the mantle' or the 'qaSidah burdah.'

    ka'ab ibn zuhayr was a poet in RasulAllah's time - sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam who wrote parodies him. After the Victory [of makkah], RasulAllah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam granted clemency to everybody except five or six of the notorious ones who were to be executed anywhere found. ka'ab was one of them. his cousin had already become a muslim and he encouraged ka'ab to seek RasulAllah's sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam pardon because he was a paragon of mercy.

    so ka'ab wrote an ode that begins with 'baanat su'adu fa qalbi al-yawma matbulu' [su'ad went free and my heart is in agony today] and went to see RasulAllah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam hiding in a cloak.

    at an opportune moment, he began reciting the qaSidah and when he reached the line:
    unbiytu anna RasulAllaha aw`adani
    wa'l `afwu `inda Rasulillahi ma'amuulu
    wa qad ataytu RasulAllaha mu`utaziran
    wa'l `udhru `inda Rasulillahi maqbuulu
    i have been told that the Messenger has decreed punishment for me
    but with RasulAllah, there is always hope for one to be pardoned

    i have come to RasulAllah seeking his forgiveness [asking to be excused]
    and with RasulAllah, an appeal for forgiveness [excuse] is surely accepted
    RasulAllah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam smiled and threw his blessed mantle on ka'ab and needless to say, forgave him. this ode is also called as the 'burdah' by some, but it is commonly known as 'qaSidah baanat su'ad'.


    the burdah of al-busayri is properly named as: 'al-kawakib ad-durriyyah'
    Last edited: Nov 13, 2011
  4. :s1:

    Apart from the Qasida Burdah Sharif which other individual poems in classical Arabic are especially renowned?

    I know of the Qasidah by Farazdaq in praise of Imam Zayn al Abidin :as:, the Taiyyat al Kubra and the Khamriyyah by Hazrat Umar ibn al Farid...
    which others?

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