Perhaps dr. jalajel should read that book by myers et al. - to broaden his perspective instead of accusing us traditional Muslims and great scholars of past and present of "over-interpreting" scriptures and narrow-mindedness. From what I have understood so far, jel's gambit upends not just a single flask but actually brings the whole cabinet crashing down over our heads. If rationality does not entail takleef then what does? Did the so-called "non-Adamic homo-sapiens" posses free will or not? Would they be eligible for rewards and accountable for punishments? Why does the Qur'an repeatedly mention thaqalayn "the two groups" - "ins wal jaan" and not this third group? __ P.S: The doctor has a post publication notice at the bottom of the article - which tells us that his views haven't gone down well even with the kind of crowd that takes lessons from yaqeen.