Karbala

Discussion in 'Tarikh' started by sherkhan, Oct 9, 2016.

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  1. sherkhan

    sherkhan Veteran

    There is a couplet in this very popularly recited manqabat/salaam - "jin ko dhoke se kufa bulaya gaya".

    The imam of my mosque always reprimands those who recite it thus, and advises that it would be better to recite it as "jin ko Makke se Kufa bulaya gaya". He cites the hadith which says that a mumin is never deceived (so how could the prince of believer be deceived?).

    And hadn't Imam Husain (radiAllahu anhu) been foretold about the events of Karbala by his beloved grandfather (Salallahu Alayhi wa Aalihi Wasallam) and his father (radiAllahu anhu)? Betrayers of kufa were guilty of deceit, but Imam Husain knew what was fore-ordained.
     
  2. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    mawlana hasan raza khan's manqabat:

    aayat e taT'heer sey zaahir hai shaan e ahl e bayt

     
  3. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

  4. Nawazuddin

    Nawazuddin Veteran

    Hafeez Jalandhari
     
  5. Shah ji who is this kalam that Nusrat (r) so beautifully recites written by?
     
  6. Nawazuddin

    Nawazuddin Veteran

  7. agent-x

    agent-x Well-Known Member

  8. Abul Hasnayn

    Abul Hasnayn musjidulhaq.com

  9. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    in madarik, vol.3 p.450:

    it is said that the command in the verse remained for ten nights and then was abrogated.

    it is also said that it was not more than just an hour in the day, and was abrogated thereafter.

    ali raDiyallahu anhu said: this is a verse in the qur'an which none has acted upon before me, nor will anyone act upon it after i did. i had one gold coin which i exchanged [for dirhams] and when i asked RasulAllah SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam i gave one dirham in charity and i asked RasulAllah SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam ten questions which he answered:

    1. i asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam what is faithfulness [wafa]?'
    he SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam replied: "it is tawhid [belief in one God] and bearing witness that there is no God except Allah."

    2. i asked: 'what is mischief, ruination [fasad]?'
    he replied: disbelief and assigning partners to Allah [kufr and shirk bi'llah]

    3. i asked: 'what is Truth and right thing [Haqq]?'
    he replied: islam and the qur'an and leadership when it comes to you [wilayah].

    4. i asked: 'what is a plan of action?' [Heelah]
    he replied: to forsake deception, wile and fraud. [tark al-Heelah]?

    5. i asked: 'what is the obligation upon me?'
    he replied: obedience to Allah and obedience to His Messenger

    6. i asked: 'how should i beseech [do du'a to] Allah?'
    he replied: sincerely, and with firm belief [Sidq and yaqeen]

    7. i asked: 'what should i ask Allah ta'ala?'
    he replied: safety and well-being [aafiyah]

    8. i asked: 'what should i do for my own salvation?'
    he replied: eat only the permissible [Halal] and speak the truth.

    9. i asked: 'what is happiness, bliss?' [surur]
    he replied: paradise. [jannah]

    10. i asked: 'what is comfort?' [raHah]
    he replied: meeting Allah ta'ala.

    when i finished asking, the command was abrogated.


    madarik, s58v12.jpg


    =======
    the footnote of the editor in the above citation: ibn Hajar says: "i did not find it" Cf. Hashiyah al-kash'shaf 4/494.
     
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  10. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    from khazayin al-irfan, mawlana nayimuddin muradabadi:

    ------------
    this verse highlights the inestimable value of the Prophet's time SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam and the greatness of his audience. also, in it is benefit for the poor.

    circumstance of revelation:
    when rich people began asking questions to the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam and these sessions became very long, and poor people could not get time to speak or ask questions. this verse commanded that people should first give in charity to the poor, before asking the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam any question. and [only] our master, ali raDiyallahu `anhu acted upon this verse - he gave one gold[1] coin [dinar] in charity and asked ten questions.

    1. he[2] asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam what is faithfulness [wafa]?'
    he SallAllahu alayhi wa sallam replied: "it is tawhid [belief in one God] and bearing witness that there is no God except Allah."

    2. he asked: 'what is mischief, ruination [fasad]?'
    he replied: disbelief and assigning partners to Allah [kufr and shirk]

    3. he asked: 'what is Truth and right thing [Haqq]?'
    he replied: islam and the qur'an and leadership when it comes to you [wilayah].

    4. he asked: 'what is a plan of action?' [Heelah]
    he replied: to forsake deception, wile and fraud. [tark al-Heelah]?

    5. he asked: 'what is the obligation upon me?'
    he replied: obedience to Allah and obedience to His Messenger

    6. he asked: 'how should i beseech [do du'a to] Allah?'
    he replied: sincerely, and with firm belief [Sidq and yaqeen]

    7. he asked: 'what should i ask Allah ta'ala?'
    he replied: safety and well-being [aafiyah]

    8. he asked: 'what should i do for my salvation?'
    he replied: eat only the permissible [Halal] and speak the truth.

    9. he asked: 'what is happiness, bliss?' [surur]
    he replied: paradise. [jannah]

    10. he asked: 'what is comfort?' [raHah]
    he replied: seeing Allah ta'ala.[3]

    when sayyiduna ali raDiyallahu anhu finished asking these questions, the command [to give charity before asking a question] was abrogated. and the verse granting concession [rukhSah] was revealed, and no one got an opportunity to act upon this injunction except ali raDiyallahu anhu. [madarik, khazin]

    ------------------
    footnotes:
    1. in tafsir ibn kathir, it is mentioned that he gave a dinar, in madarik of nasafi, a dirham is mentioned. in khazayin above, it is dinar.

    2. the hadith in madarik is in first person: "i asked". here, it is a retelling and hence 'he asked'.

    3. the hadith in madarik: 'liqa'a Allah' - meeting Allah ta'ala. but here, 'didar e ilahi' meaning 'seeing Allah ta'ala'.
     
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  11. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    this was random browsing for few minutes - dunno what else is in the book.

    nas'alu Allaha al-aafiyah.
     
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  12. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    who is the author of this book? what are the sources? if it is a translation, who is the translator and which is the original work and in which language?

    am sorry if it does not sound nice, but this text (PDF) is full of mistakes and very strange narrations - sometimes, it appears as if it has drawn from shiah works. for example, on p.10 is this explanation from surah al-mujadilah v.12:

    kbl.jpg


    =====
    i quickly looked up major tafsirs and asbab al-nuzul. the above story doesn't appear - except for the last paragraph, which is authentic but appears distorted due to preceding paragraphs.

    besides, this appears disrespectful to both hazrat ali raDiyallahu anhu and hazrat RasulAllah sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam.

    ----
    similarly on p23:
    kbl p.23.jpg

    referencing is terrible - one cannot tell where it starts and where it ends.

    an example of a translation that would imply sayyidah fatimah zahrah as higher than RasulAllah sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam. [al iyadhu billah] no effort is made to clarify this to the unsuspecting reader. even if one can somehow justify that it was not implying higher than RasulAllah sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam, how can you explain the part about other prophets and angels?

    on p21:

    kbl p.21.jpg

    where does the narration of tirmidhi and mustadrak start from, and where does it end?

    ---
    spelling mistakes are all over the place.
     
    Last edited: Sep 15, 2016
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  13. Abul Hasnayn

    Abul Hasnayn musjidulhaq.com

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