Madārik al-Tanzīl

Discussion in 'Tafsir' started by Bazdawi, Jan 8, 2016.

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  1. Bazdawi

    Bazdawi Active Member

    Verse 4.png

    (4) And to warn those who say – ‘Allah has taken a son for himself’

    And to warn those who say - 'Allah has taken a son for himself '
    {here, those who are being warned have been mentioned and the mention of the severe punishment has been omitted, as opposed to the previous verse . There is no need to mention it again after it has already been mentioned before}
     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2016
  2. Bazdawi

    Bazdawi Active Member

    Verse 3.png

    (3) Abiding in it forever.


    Abiding {is the circumstantial accusative [حال] explaining the state of 'هم' in the words - '
    أن لهم' [from the previous verse]} in it {‘it’ refers to their reward, which is paradise} forever.
     
  3. Bazdawi

    Bazdawi Active Member

    Sura Kahf V2.png

    (2) Straight; to give warning of a severe punishment from Him and to give glad-tidings to the believers, those who do good deeds, that for them is a great reward.


    Straight;{with uprightness. It is in the accusative state due to some text being tacit; therefore the [inferred] narrative is : - ‘جعله قيما’ When crookedness is negated, then straightness is automatically affirmed for it.[The question arises that: why has 'straight' been mentioned when it had already been inferred by negating crookedness; the answer is:] The benefit of mentioning both things, namely, the negation of crookedness and affirmation of straightness - despite their independence from one another - is for emphasis. Many things are seemingly straight outwardly but when closely inspected, it is not free from a small degree of crookedness. Or [another interpretation is that: it is] a verifer to the truthfulness of the other celestial books; evincing them and bearing witness to their validity.} to give warning {the root word [إنذار] is di-transitive [which demands two objects], just as is apparent from Allah's statement 'We warn you of a near punishment' but only one object has been mentioned here. Making the other object apparent, the narrative is:- To warn those who disbelieve} of a severe punishment {[باسا]means punishment and the reason for sufficing with one object [despite being di-transitive and needing two objects] is because the thing from which they are being warned [منذر به] is the raison d'être of the revelation [and thus it has been mentioned][1]} from Him {being shown from Him} and to give glad-tidings to the believers, those who do good deeds, that for them {meaning, because for them} is a great reward {meaning, Paradise. 'Alī and Hamzah prayed the ب as vowel-less [سكون]}.



    [1] The reason for the revelation of the Qurān is to remind mankind about the eternal punishment - which is the object from which they are being warned - not giving special attention to those who are being warned. When they have not been considered [in the reason for revelation], then on this basis, their mention has been omitted from the middle of the discourse. [Akīl, page 164]
     
  4. Bazdawi

    Bazdawi Active Member

    Sura Kahf V1.png

    (1) All praise is for Allāh who revealed to his bondsman, the book and did not create any crookedness in it.

    All praise is for Allāh who revealed to his bondsman {Muhammad} the book {the Qurān; Allah edified his servants and instructed them as to how they should praise Him and show gratitude to Him for the grandest of His favors upon them, which is the favor of Islām; and also for the Esteemed Book which was revealed to the Messenger Muhammad, SalAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam, which is the cause of their salvation} and did not create any crookedness in it {meaning, not even a slight tinge of crookedness. Here, crookedness is used in the same lexical denotation as it is when applied for objects, such as: 'there is crookedness in his opinion' or 'the staff is crooked'. What this is alluding to is the negation of any disputation or conflict in the meanings of the Qurān. Whatever comes forth from it is full of wisdom
    .}
     
    Last edited: Jan 7, 2016
    Nur al Anwar likes this.

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