Safar al-Muzaffar... The Second Month of Islamic Calendar [English]

Discussion in 'Tarikh' started by Mushahid Razvi, Nov 3, 2016.

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  1. Mushahid Razvi

    Mushahid Razvi Naat Meri Aabru

    Safar al-Muzaffar... The Second Month of Islamic Calendar [English]
    Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic calendar. Literal meaning of Safar is empty. During this month the houses used to be empty and deserted because the ban on going to war in the month of Muharram came to an end and everyone proceeded towards the battlefield.

    Safar also means to be yellow. When the names of the months were being given it was the season of autumn and the leaves of the trees were yellow.


    Many people have erroneous beliefs regarding this month i.e. it is a month of misfortune and calamities. The teachings of Allah Ta'ala and His Most Beloved Rasool (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) gives us clear guidelines on such incorrect beliefs.

    Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'an al-Kareem:

    ما أصاب من مصيبة إلا بإذن الله
    "No misfortune befalls except by Allah’s command..." [Surah Tagabun, Verse 11]

    These erroneous beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Ahadith:

    لا عدوى ولا طيرة ولا هامة ولاصفر
    There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 5707]

    لا عدوى ولا صفر ولا غول
    There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits). [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2222]

    The above Ahadith clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar. These incorrect beliefs flow from the pre-Islamic period of Jahiliyyah .

    The Month of Safar during the Days of Ignorance

    The Muhaddithin have recorded many of the superstitions harboured by the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance. A few are mentioned below:

    1. The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a snake which lives in the stomach of a human being and when hungry, bites the person. This is the discomfort one experiences when gripped by the pangs of hunger.

    2. Some said Safar are worms which originate in the liver and ribs due to which the colour of the person becomes yellow, a condition we know today as jaundice.

    3. According to some, the month of Safar flanked by Muharram and Rabi al Awwal is full of calamities and misfortune.

    With the advent of Islam and the teachings of Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam), all evil and incorrect beliefs common in pre-Islamic times were discarded.

    Incorrect Beliefs:

    Today too, there are some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar.

    1. A nikah performed in this month would not be successful.
    2. This month is full of misfortune and calamities.
    3. To commence any important venture, business etc. during this month will bring bad luck.
    4. The first to the thirteenth of Safar is ill-fortune and evil.
    5. The person who distributes food or money on the 13th of Safar will be saved from its ill-fortune.
    6. To celebrate the last Wednesday of Safar and regard it as a holiday.

    What to do:

    1. To shun all types of erroneous beliefs regarding the blessed month of Safar.

    2. To understand that the most unfortunate person is he who disobeys Allah Ta'ala's commandments e.g. does not perform the five daily salaah etc. It is narrated in a hadith that Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "Pray, 0 Allah! Cause not anyone of us to be a wretched destitute." He then asked: "Do you know who is a wretched destitute?" Upon the request of the Sahabah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum) he replied, "A wretched destitute is he who neglects his salaat."

    3. We should understand that all conditions which befalls us, good or bad, favourable, or unfavourable are from Allah Ta'ala, (as a result of our actions). Allah Ta'ala says: " Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin." (Surah 42 - Verse 30).

    This can also be confirmed by the following Hadith:

    Sayyadina Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) has said that, "I have heard Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue."


    ..:: Important dates and Anniversaries in the month of Safar ::..

    Date URS Sharif (Passing Of)
    1 Hadrat Abu Bakr Ahmad Ismail Jurjani
    1 Hadrat Khwaja Hassan Salaar
    1 Hadrat Mawlana Khuda Bakhsh Multani
    1 Hadrat Sayyidna Abu al-Qasim Shah Ismail Hassan Marharwi
    1 Hadrat Haji Waris Ali Shah
    1 Hadrat Jamalullah Rampuri
    1 Hadrat Khwaja Shah Muhammad Sulaiman Tounsawi
    2 Khulaifa Adil al-Hakim Thani bin Abdul Rahman al-Nasir Maliki Andalusi
    2 Hadrat Abu al-Abbas Ahmad Zouq Baransi Farsi
    2 Mawlana Fadal Ahmad Sufi bin Mawlana Abdul Ahad Muhaddith Pilibhiti
    3 Hadrat Khwaja Hassanuddin Jalabi
    3 Hadrat Shaykh Sultanuddin Ahmad Mawlana Sanjani
    3 Hadrat Dewan Muhammad Munawar Ali
    3 Hadrat Khwaja Dana Surrati
    3 Mujahid Kabeer Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi
    3 Hazrat Shah Faqeerullah Alawi Afghani Thumma Sindhi
    3 Mufti Mehmood Jaan Khan Qadiri Alaihir Rahmah (Khalifa-e-AlaHadrat)
    4 Hadrat Abu Saeed Chishti
    4 Hadrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Jonpuri
    4 Hadrat Kareem Shah Surrati
    4 Khwaja Mutma'een Tounsawi
    4 Hadrat Allamah Mahmood Azamgadhi
    4 Hadrat Mawlana Nasir Ali Hanafi Gayaspuri Azeemabadi
    4 Hadrat Allamah Mufti Gulam Hussain Naqshbandi Essa Khelwi
    5 Hadrat Umm al-Mu'mineen Maymunah
    5 Hadrat Mawlana Yaqoob Charkhi Naqshbandi
    5 Hadrat Shah Ismail Chishti
    5 Hadrat Dewan Muhammad Hamid
    5 Hadrat Shah Gulam Rashid Jonpuri
    5 Hadrat Mawlana Naeemullah Behraichi
    5 Hadrat Qari Maqbool Hangal
    5 Hadrat Khwaja Muhammad Sulayman
    5 Hadrat Khwaja Muhammad Nizamuddin
    5 Hadrat Hakeem Najam al-Ghani Rampuri
    6 Hadrat Khwaja Ilmuddin Ilm al-Haq Farooqui Chishti
    6 Hadrat Shams al-Din Arif
    6 Hadrat Shah Sulaiman Tounsawi
    6 Hadrat Baba Bhullay Shah
    7 Hadrat Ali bin Mawfiq Baghdadi
    7 Hadrat Abu Bakr Muhammad Nisaj Toosi
    7 Hadrat Shaykh Bahauddin Zakariya Multani
    7 Hadrat Shaykh Abu Ishaq Abu Sahal Sa'looki
    7 Hadrat Sayyid Kamil Shah Lahori
    7 Hadrat Khwaja Muhammad Sulaiman Tounsawi
    7 Mulla Muhammad Hassan bin Qazi Gulam Mustafa
    8 Hadrat Sayyid Abdul Jaleel Dehlawi
    8 Hadrat Shah Abdul Jaleel Baghdadi
    8 Hadrat Mawlana Sayyid Liaqat Ali Shah Razawi
    8 Hadrat Khwaja Salahuddin Chishti
    9 Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Ali Moosa
    9 Hadrat Imam al-Muslimeen Sayyiduna Ali Raza
    9 Hadrat Sheeran Almaani
    9 Hadrat Akhoon Sher Dal Haq Pandoli
    9 Hadrat Meer Abu al-Ula Akbarabadi
    9 Hadrat Sufi Inayatullah Shah bin Makhdoom Fadl Allah Baghdadi
    10 Umm al-Mu'mineen Hadrat Juweriyah
    10 Hadrat Shah Barkhurdar Korwi
    10 Hadrat Mawlana Hakeem Ahmad Ali Khairabadi
    11 Hadrat Abu Abdullah Ahmad bin Yahya Baghdadi
    11 Hadrat Abu Ishaq Qassaar
    11 Hadrat Shaykh Muhammad Ismail Qaysari
    11 Hadrat Abu Nasar Abdullah Siraj Toosi
    11 Hadrat Umar bin Muhammad Fadl Allah
    11 Hadrat Shaykh Taajuddin Baqai
    11 Hadrat Abu al-Abbas Ahmad bin Rayf Andalusi
    11 Hadrat Shaykh Shamsuddin Nagori
    11 Hadrat Sayyid Muhammad Baghdadi
    11 Hadrat Sayyid Mubarak bin Abaz
    11 Hadrat Qasim Anwar
    11 Hadrat Sayyid Ibrahim Sarmadi
    11 Hadrat Hafiz Ilahi Bakhsh Urf Aalijah
    11 Mufassir-e-Azam Hadrat Mawlana Muhammah Ibrahim Raza Khan
    11 Hadrat Shaykh al-Quran Allamah Gulam Ali Asrafi Okarrwi
    12 Hadrat Sayyidatuna Raqaiyyah bint Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam)
    12 Hadrat Abu Usman Wa'ez
    12 Hadrat Khwaja Abdul Kareem Abu al-Qasim Khateeb
    12 Hadrat Sayyid Ilyas Maghrabi
    12 Hadrat Shaykh Zahid bin Ibrahim Gilani
    12 Hadrat Mawlana Shah Abdur Raheem Dehalwi
    12 Hadrat Shaykh Jageer Karday
    12 Hadrat Mawlana Fadl Haq Khayrabadi
    12 Hadrat Shah Abdul Lateef Bhittai
    13 Hadrat Abu Abdur Rahman Ahmad Nasa'i
    13 Hadrat Abu Ali Hassan Mashtawli
    13 Hadrat Abu Muhammad Abdullah Marta'ash
    13 Hadrat Abu al-Abbas Ahmad Khazari
    13 Hadrat Muhammad Gayaas Kirmani
    13 Hadrat Abdullah Shazili
    13 Hadrat Shaykh Bahauddin Akbar
    13 Hadrat Abu al-Fath Sanjari Muqayyid Jabaroot
    13 Hadrat Akhoon Shah Habibullah
    13 Hadrat Shah Wasiluddin
    13 Hadrat Muhaiyyi al-Din Urf Hafiz Jamalullah
    13 Hadrat Qutb al-Din Urf Haji Qurdat Allah
    13 Hadrat Shaykh Habib Peshawari
    13 Hadrat Peer Sayyid Sibgatullah Shaheed
    13 Hadrat Fadil Kabeer Muhammad Hassan Sanbhali
    14 Hadrat Maalik bin Deenar
    14 Hadrat Haji Mustafa Sirhindi
    14 Hadrat Zaheer al-Din Maakoor
    14 Qazi Abu al-Mahasin Yousuf bin Rafay' al-Asadi
    14 Hadrat Shah Abdul Kareem Manikpuri
    14 Hadrat Abu al-Faiz Shah Abdur Raheem Muhaddith Dehlawi
    15 Hadrat Data Gang Bakhsh Makhdoom Abu al-Hasan Ali Hujweri
    15 Hadrat Jalal al-Haq Qadi Khan Yousuf Nasihi
    15 Hadrat Akhoon Siddiqui Mustafaabadi
    15 Hadrat Shah Gulam Naseer al-Din Miya Kalay
    15 Hadrat Nijabat Ali Shah Lakhnawi
    15 Hadrat Sayyid Shah Ahmad Shams Aalam Raichoor
    15 Allamah Arshadul Qadri
    16 Hadrat Umar Ahmad Ali Maghrabi
    16 Hadrat Abu al-Hussain Bindaar Shirazi
    16 Hadrat Abu Mas'ood Maghribi
    16 Hadrat Sayyid Ahmad Kabeer
    16 Hadrat Abu Usman
    16 Hadrat Shaykh Baba Kamal Hayderi
    16 Hadrat Sayyidi Muhammad bin Yousuf Kirmani
    16 Hadrat Shah Qasim Munqasim al-Arwah
    16 Hadrat Sayyid Ahmad Akbarabadi
    16 Hadrat Wali Allah Hiqqi
    16 Ra'ees al-Qalam Allamah Arshadul Qadri
    16 Shaykh Badr al-Din Ja'fari Phulwari
    16 Hadrat Mawlana Sayyid Maghfur al-Qadri
    17 Hadrat Abu Ali Hussain
    17 Hadrat Shaykh Zakariya
    17 Hadrat Khwaja Baha al-Din Zakariya Suharwardi
    17 Hadrat Khwaja Hassan Balghari
    17 Hadrat Dewan Muhammad Taaj al-Din
    17 Hadrat Shaykh Nizam al-Din Narnoli
    17 Hadrat Akhoon Siddiqui Bajori
    17 Hadrat Hakeem Shah Ne'matullah
    17 Hadrat Allamah Mufti Gulam Raool Madraasi
    17 Hadrat Mawlana Hamid Ali Khan Rampuri
    17 Hadrat Shaykh Ali Ahmad Bherwi
    18 Hadrat Asadullah Rumi
    18 Shaykh Hameed Andalusi
    18 Hadrat Raji Hamid
    18 Hadrat Burhan al-Din Gareeb
    18 Hadrat Moosa Suharwardi
    18 Hadrat Meer Nau'man Akbarabadi
    19 Hadrat Abdul al-Awwal Iman al-Din Shami
    19 Abu al-Waleed Hisham Awwal
    19 Hadrat Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ruwaym Baghdadi
    19 Hadrat Sayyid Muhammad Shubayki Hasani
    19 Muhammad bin Abi al-Qasim al-Ma'roof Ibn Raseed al-Andalusi
    19 Hadrat Qazi Hameed al-Din Muhammad bin Ata Naghauri
    19 Hadrat Sayyid Baha al-Din Jonpuri
    19 Hadrat Khwaja Yahya Ilahabadi
    19 Hadrat Sayyid Ahmad Kalpawi
    19 Hadrat Shah Jamal Kalkattawi
    19 Hadrat Akhoon Darya Khan Jee Zabarjaddi
    19 Hadrat Akhoon Darya Khan Jee
    19 Hadrat Sayyid Aleemullah Chishti
    19 Hadrat Shaykh Aleemullah Shawrakh Abdaal
    19 Hadrat Sayyid Shah Ahmad Kalpi Shareef
    19 Hadrat Mawlana Sayyid Muhammad Umar Hanbali Hayderabadi
    20 Hadrat Sayyidi Yahya bin Bakayr
    20 Sahib Zadah Hakeem Arshad Ahmad Ameeri
    20 Peer Sayyid Ali Kalaan Sheerazi
    20 Makhdom Bilal bin Kabrawi Junaidi
    20 Hadrat Mawlana Sultan al-Din Mubin Jaypuri
    21 Hadrat Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ali Hakeem Tirmidhi
    21 Hadrat Shaykh Muhammad bin Yousuf Maghrabi
    21 Hadrat al-Hussain Muhammad Wazzaq
    21 Hadrat Shah Muhammad Aashiq Maah
    21 Hadrat Shams al-Din Ubaid Qadiri
    21 Hadrat Shaykh Abdur Raheem Kashmiri
    21 Hadrat Sayyid Aqeel
    21 Hadrat Muhammad Abdur Rahman Makki Sawar
    22 Hadrat Shaykh Salah al-Din Darwaish Chishti Sahar Wardi
    22 Hadrat Shaykh Muhammad Halawi bin Dawood Qarashi
    22 Hadrat Shaykh Abdullah Qurayshi
    22 Hadrat Shaykh Mahmood Rajan
    22 Hadrat Shah Gulaam Ali Dehlawi
    22 Hadrat Khwaja Muhammad Mahmood Urf Rajan bin Khwaja Alim al-Din
    22 Hadrat Sayyid Gulaam Hussain
    22 Hadrat Peer Sayyid Bhalan Shah Jeelani
    22 Hadrat Khwaja Shaykh Shams al-Din Siyal Shareef
    22 Hadrat Mawlana Sayyid Hassan Shah Raampuri
    23 Hadrat Abu Abdullah Khaqaan Sufi
    23 Hadrat Abu al-Qasim Ali Gargani
    23 Hadrat Shaykh Adeef al-Din Salman Tilmasani
    23 Hadrat Sayyid Jalal Ahmad Akbari
    23 Hadrat Shah Jalal al-Din
    23 Hadrat Makhdoom Shaykh Muhammad Meena Lakhnawi
    23 Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Razzaq Lakhnawi
    23 Hadrat Sayyidna Imam Baqir
    23 Hadrat Sultan Mahmood Gaznawi
    23 Hadrat Sayyidna Shah Meena Abu al-Ulai
    23 Hadrat Muhammad Saleem Qadri Shaheed
    24 Hadrat Shaykh Abdullah bin Salim
    24 Hadrat Khwaja Meer Dard Dehlawi
    24 Hadrat Mawlana Abu al-Baqa Abdul Hakeem Qadri Razzaqi
    24 Hadrat Allamah Abdul Hakeem Sialkoti
    24 Hadrat Khwaja Shams al-Din Siyalawi
    24 Hadrat Mahar Muhammad Sobah Naqshbandi Lahori
    24 Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Hakeem Farangi Mahali
    25 Hadrat Ahmad Khudrawiyah
    25 Hadrat Shaykh Ahmad Majd Shaybani Narnoli
    25 AlaHadrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Baraylawi
    25 Hadrat Sayyid Qalandr Ali Suharwardi
    25 Mufti Shaykh Abdur Razzaq Qadri Lakhnawi
    25 Hadrat Allamah Imad al-Din Rifa'ee Surrati
    25 Hadrat Shah Abdul Razzaq Farangi Mahali
    26 Hadrat Meer Sayyid Hassan Qadri
    26 Hadrat Sayyid Alim al-Din Chishti
    26 Hadrat Sayyidna Hassan Baghdadi
    26 Hadart Shaykh Muhammad Ghous Kakorwi
    26 Hadrat Mufti Noor al-Haq Tonki
    26 Hadrat Mawlana Mufti Abdul Aziz Qadri Lakhnawi
    26 Hadrat Shah Muhammad Sulayman bin Dawood Phulwari
    26 Hadrat Mawlana Ameer Ali Ambethwi Shaheed
    27 Hadrat Abu Moosa Ra'ee
    27 Hadrat Hareeq Aswad Abdaal
    27 Hadrat Khwaja Abdul Wahid bin Zaid
    27 Hadrat Abu Imran Ra'ee
    27 Hadrat Ibrahim bin Isa Isfahani
    27 Hadrat Shareef al-Din Isa Qitaal bin Ghous-e-Azam
    27 Hadrat Abu Abdur Rahman Abdullah bin Ghous-al-Azam
    27 Hadrat Abdul Raheem Maghribi Ashiq-e-Nabi
    27 Sultan-e-Adil Hadrat Sultan Salah-al-Din Ayyubi
    27 Hadrat Shaykh Yahya Gujrati
    27 Hadrat Khwaja Yahya Madani Chishti
    27 Shareh Bukhari Hadrat Imam Badr al-Din Aeyni
    27 Hadrat Abdul Wahid Farid
    27 Hadrat Sharf al-Din
    27 Hadrat Shah Ballaaqi Muraadabadi
    27 Hadrat Muhammad Azeem Hassan Ukhra Barkhiya
    27 Hadrat Mawlana Shah Imdad Hussain Rampuri
    28 Hadrat Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba
    28 Hadrat Abu Bakr Muhammad Waffaq
    28 Hadrat Shaykh Ahmad San'ani
    28 Hadrat Shaykh Shams al-Haq Barray Haqqani
    28 Hadrat Khwaja Abu Yousuf Muhaiyyi al-Din Yahya Madani
    28 Hadrat Shah Ubaid al-Majeed
    28 Hadrat Shah Badr al-Din Urf Ballaqi Shah
    28 Hadrat Shah Muhammad Sulayman Phulwari
    28 Hadrat Shah Jahangir
    28 Khwaja Hafidh Abdul Kareem Naqshbandi Amratsari
    28 Hafidh Abdul Kareem Rawalpindi
    28 Hadrat Sadiq Shah Sahib Kanpuri
    28 Hadrat Sayyid Meer Muhammad Ahmad Siddiq Lakhnawi
    28 Hadrat Allamah Raham Ilahi Muzaffar Nagri (Teacher of Mufti-e-Azam)
    29 Hadrat Meer Muhammad Ya'qoob Gilani
    29 Hadrat al-Shah Imam Nawawi
    29 Hadrat Sayyidna Peer Mahr Ali Shah Gilani Golarrawi
    29 Hadrat Peer Fateh Muhammad
    29 Hadrat Imam-e-Rabbani Mujaddid Alf-e-Thani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi
    30 Hadrat Hafidh al-Hadith Imam Muhammad Hakim Nishapuri
    Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een (Allah is well please with

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