assalamu 'alaykum dear brothers and sisters, Many are perplexed about these two Islamic Architectures and Arts. Which is superior one might ask. After years of careful observation and feeling, I have come to the conclusion that India defeats everybody. Moghal Indian Art and Architecture, and those preceding it in India, have no second in the east. Safavid art, even considering its secular aspects, cannot compete with India. Infact, to me, India is the continuity of the Iranian Sunni civilization that ended with the advent of the Safavids. Afterall, the safavids took from the Sunnis and Safavid artisans were brought to India, and they contributed to the development of the Islamic civilization built in India.