Discussion in 'Usul al-Fiqh' started by Misbah al-Hidaya, Nov 22, 2007.

Draft saved Draft deleted
  1. Misbah al-Hidaya

    Misbah al-Hidaya Active Member

    dear brother, it was merely an exploration of the idea of takhsees as used in usul al-fiqh to understand nass etc....it is the other side of takhsees; when we have to do takhsees as opposed to when we do not as in the point of the originator.....
    Last edited: Nov 22, 2007
  2. Noori

    Noori Senior Moderator

    I can understand that you didn't mean to elevate the rank of a wali than that of a sahabi. your target was this line by aqdas

    right? after your argument you concluded that
    now you say something which aqdas elaborated but he did not mention the title of the usul
    so what is your real objection on what aqdas said, or you wanted to support him by contradiction, or may be I completely misunderstood you. please help me out.
  3. Misbah al-Hidaya

    Misbah al-Hidaya Active Member

    absolutely brother, the point is not that a wali is superior to a Sahabi eventhough a sahabi may not have the requirements of taqwa as in 'inna akramakum indAllhi atqakum'....the point is that the sharf of sahabiyat or nasab is exempt from the general of this aayah and that usool which is applied to undersatnd the verse and make 'exceptions' is called 'aam makhsus anhul ba'dh' .....the general has exceptions for some like sahabiyat or sharf of nasab such as descendents of Rasul Allah(S)....the exceptions are made in light of other verses/ahadith similar to evidence provided for sahabiyat. knowledge and taqwa are surely great honours but sahabiyat and Nasab are exempt.
    Last edited: Nov 21, 2007
  4. Noori

    Noori Senior Moderator

    oh! my mistake! I checked it now, I wanted to reply to m.h but mistakenly quoted aqdas line. sorry dear. But, anyway the answer clearly indicates to whom I replied.
  5. Noori

    Noori Senior Moderator

    it is not us but RasūlAllāh ŞallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam himself did takhsis between a sahabi and a non-sahabi, and said that giving away a handful of wheat of my sahabi is better than your giving away of gold equal to the mountain of uhud (quoting meaning only), and no tawqa can outdo accepting islam in front of RasūlAllāh ŞallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam and looking at his radiant face.
  6. Misbah al-Hidaya

    Misbah al-Hidaya Active Member

    i think that is an excellent point. ...just to explore further the idea of takhsees; let us look at the aayah where it says 'inna akramakum indAllahi atqaakum'....meaning, muttaqeen are superior in status....now, imagine a sahabi of Rasul Allah(S) who died immediately after ziyarah of the Prophet(S)...He did not have any salah, saum, hajj etc on his account whereas a wali who for forty years read his fajr with the wudu of esha and was a muttaqi of the highest degree and fulfilled all the requirements of being a muttaqi.....

    now, is this wali who was more muttaqi then the sahabi; who only had few days of Islam, more superior then the sahabi on account of his taqwa?? surely, the aayah is saying taqwa determines status!!

    what happens here....does takhsees come to rescue??
  7. Aqdas

    Aqdas Staff Member

    allama abdul hakim sharaf qadri madda zillahu wrote a book about haazir o naazir. he said that Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam comes to each and every grave. so he can be physically in more than one place at a time.

    he said that Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam is actually there because one of the usul of fiqh is that do not do takhsis (specifying) when there is no need and no takhsis exists. there is no nass that says that Rasulullah sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam cannot do this. hence, i think he wrote takhsis bila mukhassas.

    so when is no takhsis, there is no need to do it.

    i feel this usul could be used for many other things like when Allah says Shahid, or 'allamaka ma lam takun ta'lam, or rahmatallil 'aalameen etc. no need to specify time/place. if Allah didnt specify why do you?

Share This Page