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Discussion in 'Aqidah/Kalam' started by abu Hasan, Mar 31, 2021.
جزاك الله خيرا also @abu Hasan i sent a private message to yourself, could you please reply when you are able to جزاك الله خيرا
Sidi aH beat me to it.
salam can you send the full pdf please
imam sanusi in its commentary explains the 7th reason thus:
and the reason why i emphasised that anyone who cannot provide definitions in arabic and is unable to understand the terms in arabic is incapable of holding an argument in this science - especially when one's entire argument is based on translations and is incapable of differentiating between khalq, iradah, etc.
and of course, jahl murakkab.
جهلت ولم تعلم بأنك جاهل
Imām al-Sanūsī has said in his Al-Muqaddimāt: The origin of disbelief and heresy is rooted in seven causes:
1. Al-Iyjāb al-Dhātī: Essential Necessity – meaning that the universe exists because of its underlying cause [tálīl] is Allāh, nor on its own nature, and that Allāh has no choice [except to create it].
[update: this is the claim of philosophers and also naturalists of our time who say that the universe exists on its own]
NOTE: In other words, this means: the universe HAS to exist and that Allāh has no choice except to create it. [this is the claim of kuffar, not muslims. ]
2. Al-Taĥsīn al-Áqlī: Rational Basis for Good [or Evil] – That the Actions and Commands of Allāh are dependent on what is deemed rationally right to do; in other words, either for obtaining benefit [jalb al-maşāliĥ] or to ward off harm [dar’ al-mafāsid].
3. Al-Taqlīd al-Radiy: Deplorable Imitation – Following someone else’s opinion merely because of prejudice or bias and not in the search of truth.
4. Al-Rabţ al-Áādī: Natural Correlation and Causation – This is believing that X leads to Y and hence it exists or not; ad infinitum.
5. Al-Jahl al-Murakkab: Compound Ignorance: That a person is ignorant of the truth; and does not know that he is ignorant.
6. Al-Tamassuk fī Áqā’id al-Īymān bi Mujarradi Żawāhir al-Kitāb wa’l Sunnah: Literal Interpretation of Qur’ān and Ĥadīth in creedal matters – without reconciling them with rational proofs and doctrinal issues clearly and explicitly specified by the Sharīáh.
7. Al-Jahl bi’l Qawāýid al-Áqliyyah: Ignorance of the Principles of Rational Argument – by which one learns about what is rationally necessary, permissible and impossible. AND the Arabic language: knowledge of Arabic linguistics, syntax, grammar, semantics, stylistics and rhetoric, etc.
 Dr. Bazm: A good analogy is the sun and its light. The sun has no will of its own in emitting the light or stopping it from being given out; and it is the basis of the light, the light depends on the sun; and the underlying cause [íllah] cannot stop emitting light – therefore light is present by the mere presence of the sun. [i.e. Allah created the universe with His Will; it is not that it just existed because inevitably it had to exist].
However Allāh táālā is not such an underlying cause [íllah] for the universe to exist. Because, He created it after He Willed to create it – and it did not exist before its creation; and Allāh táālā was present in Pre-eternity [al-azal] before He created the universe. Therefore, Allāh táālā is not the ‘dependent cause’ for the existence of this universe – because He has always existed when nothing else had come into existence.