بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم۔ In his Book کیمیاۓ سعادت، Imam Ghazali mentions the Adaab of eating and drinking. Firstly, the hands should be washed and mouth should be rinsed. Secondly, the food should be placed on the dining mat on the floor. Thirdly, the preferred manner of sitting is with right knee up and the left knee down. Fourthly, before eating the intention should be made that the purpose of eating is to gain strength to perform more ‘Ibadat. Fifth, food should not be taken until a person feels hungry. Sixth, whatever is present should be eaten and a person should not search for or ask if there is better food. Seventh, if a number of people are eating together, no-one should begin eating until everyone is present and seated. Eighth, the more people present when eating, the more برکت there is. When eating, it is best that before the first morsel بسم اللہ is recited, before the second morsel بسم اللہ الرحمن and before the third morsel بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم and this should be said loudly to remind other people. After that, it is best to say بسم اللہ before every subsequent morsel. The meal should begin with salt and end with salt. The first morsel should be small and it should be chewed thoroughly. A second morsel should not be taken before the first morsel has been swallowed. The host’s food should not be criticised. The roti should be broken from the outside and mot the middle, and roti and meat should be broken by hand and not cut with a knife. Any pieces of food that fall on the floor should be cleaned and eaten. After eating, the dish should be cleaned so there is no food left on it. After this, the fingers should be licked to remove any food, they should then be washed. If the food is hot it should not be blowed on, instead it should be allowed to cool enough so that it can be eaten. If the food being eaten is such that it consists of multiple pieces of something such as potatoes then it is best that an odd number of pieces are eaten. Lots of water should not be drunk during the meal. When drinking water the bowl should be taken in the right hand and it should be drunk in three sips. First بسم اللہ should be recited, after the first sip الحمد للہ، after the second sip الحمد للہ رب العلمین and after the third sip الحمد للہ رب العلمین الرحمن الرحیم should be recited followed by this Dua: اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰہِ الَّذِیْ جَعَلَہُ عَذْبًا فُرَاتًا بِرَحْمَتِہٖ وَ لَمْ یَجْعَلَہُ مِلْحًا اُجَاجًا بِذُنُوْبِنَا۔ After eating the hands should be washed and the teeth should be cleaned with a toothpick. The dish should also be cleaned and it is mentioned in the Hadith that the dish will make Dua for the one who does so, and if he then washes the dish and drinks the water, he will receive the thawab of freeing a slave. After this the following Dua should be recited: اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰہِ الَّذِیْ اَطْعَمَنَا وَ سَقَانَا وَ کَفَانَا وَ اَوَانَا وَ ھُوَ سَیِّدِنَا وَ مَوْلَانَا۔ After this سورۃ الاخلاص and سورۃ قریش should be recited seven times.