The state and stages of Sainthood - Qadi Abdur Rahim - alaihi rahmah

Discussion in 'Tasawwuf / Adab / Akhlaq' started by naqshbandijamaati, Aug 20, 2010.

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  1. sidi sherkhan,

    thank you! i am so thankful to you. jazakallah khayran for that book list. i think i might have come across the seal of the saints before...

    i will enjoy these insha Allah..
  2. chisti-raza

    chisti-raza Veteran

    brilliant! now this keeps with better and proper adab and becomes self explanatory.

    thanks, i will get this corrected.
  3. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    supposing this is the translation of sayr fi' Allah and sayr ila Allah.

    sayr ila Allah is traveling towards the path of Allah
    sayr fi' Allah is traveling in the path of Allah

    thus, sayr ila Allah is traveling on the path to attain the love of Allah
    sayr fi' Allah is progressing in the path after having attained the love of Allah.

    the book is al-ta'rifat. tahrifat means something else.

    those that come to mind instantly are:

    al-khabar al-daal `ala wujudi'l quTub wa'l awtad wa'n nujabayi wa'l abdal by imam suyuti

    ijabatu'l ghawth bi bayani Haali'n nuqaba'yi wa'n nujaba'yi wa'l abdali wa'l awtadi wa'l ghawth by imam ibn abidin shami (included in his rasayil ibn abidin vol.2)

    a couple of pages are mentioned in sayyidi ibn ajiba's : mi'yraj al-tashawwuf

    wAllahu ta'ala a'alam.
    Nabeela likes this.
  4. sherkhan

    sherkhan Veteran

    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 19, 2010
  5. sherkhan

    sherkhan Veteran

    You can look up following books in English (among many others). I will add couple more books to the following list later.

    1. Siraaj al-Awarif
    I bought a copy of it earlier this week (although I'm a compulsive downloader, nothing beats the pleasure of flipping the book). The English translation is well produced. My only gripe is that the book is printed on high-gloss paper which makes it bit difficult to read under glare.

    2. Seal of the Saints
    Notwithstanding that this has been written by a non-muslim, it is a good read and probably the most comprehensive available.

    al-Ibriz, Kashf al-Mahjub and Imam Qushayri's Risala also have bits on ranks of awliya.

    If you are interested in reading more about Nur Muhammadi, you should pick up The Path of God's Bondsmen. It is an absolute gem! If you can ignore Algar's shiite leaning (and persianized arabic), then it can be very enlightening read. Sirr al-Asrar (translated independently by Tosun Bayrak, Muhtar Holland and Shaykh Abdul Hadi) also deals with it in brief.
  6. chisti-raza

    chisti-raza Veteran

    I came across this last night in the work of the great Arif of Allah, the Qutb, Sayyid Ahmad Husayn Nuri Barkati - may Allah sanctify his secret - Siraj al-Awarif. He is the teacher of Imam Ahmad Rida.

    - translated into English by Shaykh Abdul Hadi - South Africa
  7. jazakallah brother chishti, that was enlightening. Do you more of this type of stuff about saints and their ranks?
  8. Jazak Allahu khairan kathira

    Subhaan Allah may Allah 'Azza wa Jall have mercy on the great shaykh aameem thumma aameen
  9. chisti-raza

    chisti-raza Veteran

    The state and stages of Sainthood: by al-Qādī Abdur Rahīm Bastawī

    Wilāyah is divided into two types. The first is Aamah or common and the second is Khāsah or special. The first type is that which includes all those who possess pure faith and are included in the religion of Islam. The second type which is considered to be the special type is that which is unique to those who are especially connected to the truth.

    Thereafter, in the path of Sulūk and with Divine proximity, there are five types of Saints. They are the Nuqābah, the Nujūbah, the Abdāl, the Awtād and the Aqtāb as has been mentioned in the treatise entitled Hāwi. Vol 2, Pg 241.

    Ala Hadrat, the Imām of Ahl As-Sunnah (Imām Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadrī rahimaHullah) has enumerated 14 stages of the Saints. They are the Suluhā, the Sālikīn, the Qāni’tīn, the Wāsilīn, the Nujūbah, the Nuqābah, the Abdāl, the Budula’, the Awtād, the Imāmain, the Ghawth, the Siddīque, the Nabī, and the Rasūl. The first three are those who are considered as travelling towards Allāh Almighty and the rest are those who are considered as having travelled within[1] Almighty Allāh. All of them are considered as Awliyā.[2]

    The literal meaning of the word Walī among others are, Master, Chief, Senior respected person, one who is protected, a patron, a friend or someone who is loved. In the definition of the Awliyā, a Walī is considered as that person who is considered close to Allah Almighty and as possessing proximity to Allah Almighty. As-Sayyid as-Sharīf Alī Muhammad rahimaHullah in the treatise entitled, Tahrīfāt declares that,

    The word Walī if it possesses the subjective sense could mean ‘he who embodies obedience and does not obey anyone except Allah Almighty.’ If the objective sense is taken, then it could mean ‘that person who possesses the Special Infinite Mercy of Allah Almighty and His Divine Grace…’

    The idea of a Walī performing a miracle (karamah) is not something which is mandatory. If a Walī performs a miracle without any valid Shari’ reason, then his state of Sainthood could also be taken away.

    al-Qādī Abdur Rahīm Bastawī
    Source: Markazī Darul Ifta Bareilly Sharīf

    [1] The usage of the word “within” should not be taken in its literal sense. It is however, the only word that we can find which can imply absolute and total proximity (translator).
    [2] Imām Ahmad Rida’s, Al-Malfūdh, Pg 455, English Translation

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