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Discussion in 'Aqidah/Kalam' started by Aqdas, Apr 6, 2021.
Detailed Fatwa on Tafdil al-Shaykhayn - translation
I've heard a speaker say that Abu Bakr Siddiq رضي الله عنه is superior and that is in a specific sense.
My understanding of afdaliyyah:
1. Closeness to Allah ta'ala
2. Expanse of reward
Sayyiduna Abu Bakr isn't superior in a specific aspect only. Afdaliyyah means he is superior overall. There are other sahabah who hold superiority over him in specific aspects, e.g. Sayyidah Fatimah رضي اللہ عنھا in lineage; but overall superiority is only for Abu Bakr Siddiq.
It is others who are superior in a specific sense, not Abu Bakr Siddiq. When it is asked absolutely, without specifying any aspect: who is the greatest? It is only Abu Bakr Siddiq.
Specific sense implies partial superiority, so the wording has to be avoided.