What does afdaliyyah / superiority mean?

Discussion in 'Aqidah/Kalam' started by Aqdas, Apr 6, 2021.

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  1. abu hamzah

    abu hamzah Active Member

  2. Aqdas

    Aqdas Staff Member

    I've heard a speaker say that Abu Bakr Siddiq رضي الله عنه is superior and that is in a specific sense.

    I disagree.

    My understanding of afdaliyyah:

    1. Closeness to Allah ta'ala
    2. Expanse of reward

    Sayyiduna Abu Bakr isn't superior in a specific aspect only. Afdaliyyah means he is superior overall. There are other sahabah who hold superiority over him in specific aspects, e.g. Sayyidah Fatimah رضي اللہ عنھا in lineage; but overall superiority is only for Abu Bakr Siddiq.

    It is others who are superior in a specific sense, not Abu Bakr Siddiq. When it is asked absolutely, without specifying any aspect: who is the greatest? It is only Abu Bakr Siddiq.

    Specific sense implies partial superiority, so the wording has to be avoided.
    Last edited: Apr 6, 2021

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