Sunnah Mu‘akkadah - sin to leave or not?

Discussion in 'Hanafi Fiqh' started by Mohammed Nawaz, Apr 12, 2024.

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  1. Mohammed Nawaz

    Mohammed Nawaz Corrections are always welcomed with appreciation

    You need to read my posts again.
  2. Alf

    Alf Active Member

    I'm interested in learning more about it myself. From what I know there is ikhtilaf among hanafis regarding the consequence of leaving sunnah muakkdah: some say it's sinful to leave it regularly, while others are of the opinion that a person who leaves it is deserving of blame but is not sinful. I hope the learned brothers on the forum can help those of us who want to know regarding it.

    Brother, what about those who don't pray cause they find it hard? If indeed there is a legitimate view in the hanafi school that says not praying sunnah muwakkadah is not sinful, couldn't we then, as a first step, encourage them to pray, if not all the sunnahs as well, at least the fard?
  3. Mohammed Nawaz

    Mohammed Nawaz Corrections are always welcomed with appreciation

    It seems there's a misunderstanding about my post. I'm actually arguing against the notion that it's not a sin to neglect Sunnat-e-Muakkada.
    Such a belief might encourage people to become even lazier and, eventually, to stop performing this Sunnah altogether.
  4. ramiz.noorie

    ramiz.noorie Active Member

    Brother practical according to who ?
    Remember ridda , zakat and caliph Abu bakr waged a war - he didn't use same excuse

    Enter into Islam completely - you save yourself - you didn't do anyone favor by becoming Muslim or becoming practicing Muslim or not
  5. Mohammed Nawaz

    Mohammed Nawaz Corrections are always welcomed with appreciation

    Do we really need this post? I mean, let's face it, most folks aren't even showing up to the mosque these days, let alone praying their obligatory prayers regularly. And now, because of this ruling, they might just end up stop praying a couple of extra rakats of Maghrib once in a blue moon!

    Seriously though, what's the point of all this? Instead of anonymously critiquing a tradition that's been around for centuries, why not take a more constructive approach? If you're genuinely concerned, why not write a Hashiya or chat with a Fuqha? It feels counterproductive to act like we've got the Imam-e-Azam of the 21st century here to correct everyone's mistakes.

    Let's focus on practical solutions rather than getting lost in theoretical debates that might not actually help anyone in the end.
    Last edited: Apr 12, 2024
  6. Aqdas

    Aqdas Staff Member

  7. Shadman

    Shadman Active Member


    HASSAN Active Member

    Saw this posted on telegram:

    Is missing an emphasised sunnah sinful?

    This is an important question, not only to determine one's obligations but also due to its long list of consequences. If missing an emphasised sunnah (sunnah mu'akkadah) is sinful, then we're not simply talking about one or two actions, but a long list of acts that fall under this category and therefore constitue sin.

    In other words, the difference between arguing that missing an emphasised sunnah is sinful and arguing otherwise is the difference in obligating the performance of hundreds of actions.

    Not only does a new convert or newly practicing believer now feel he must perform five prayers a day, but you have now increased that to ten with the additional emphasised sunnahs being pseudo-obligations.

    Therefore, this question of emphasised sunnahs is clearly important and must be addressed.

    So, is it sinful?

    It is very common to hear that missing an emphasised sunnah constitutes sin when done so 'habitually'.

    However, there are several problems with this claim.

    Firstly, to say that it is sinful if missed 'habitually' is to say the sin is not intrinsic to the act of missing a sunnah, because were it intrinsic to the act of missing sunnah, it would be sinful irrespective of whether it was missed once or ten times.

    If one were to argue that it is sinful, they could only do so for a reason extrinsic to the act of missing the sunnah itself, and they must highlight what that reason is.

    One may respond by citing the hadith narrated by Anas ibn Malik in the Sahihayn:
    من رغب عن سنتي فليس مني.
    "Whoever turns away from my way (sunnah) is not from me."

    But there are two problems with this argument:
    1) The term 'sunnah' in the hadith literature -- as highlighted by Imam Ibn al-Daqiq (d. 702 AH) in his Ihkam al-Ahkam and Sh. Abu Ghuddah (d. 1997) in his short treatise on the issue -- is not used in the technical definition of later jurists that contrasts the term with 'fard' and 'wajib', but it rather takes its linguistic meaning (i.e. a 'path' or 'way').

    This linguistic definition includes obligatory actions just like any recommended action, because these are all from the 'path' and 'way' of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

    It is therefore incorrect to argue that because a hadith says 'sunnah' that it must be referring to the later juristic definition of 'sunnah' (let alone the subset 'sunnah mu'akkadah'), as this is anachronistic. The claim that missing a sunnah habitually is sinful is therefore an inaccurate reading of the hadith.

    2) The hadith mentions 'turning away/being displeased' (الرغبة عنه) with the prophetic way (sunnah) which, as Sh. Abu Ghuddah argues, is not the same as simply 'leaving' (الترك) an act. A person can leave an act without turning away and being displeased with it.

    Therefore, this hadith is not a strong argument to declare the habitual leaving of an emphasised sunnah a sin.

    Furthermore, there is no way to determine what exactly is meant by 'habitual'.

    For example, is missing a sunnah once in a week habitual? What about once every two weeks? A month? Six months? A year?
    What if a person consistently performs a sunnah but leaves it twice consecutively? What if he misses a different sunnah act each day?

    The absence of any parameters indicates that 'habit' is a loose stipulation for sin, in addition to the fact that one would have to explain why they believe their definition of 'habit' is in any way consequential to the claim of sin when leaving the act.

    It is for some of the reasons above that Sh. Abu Ghuddah (in his 'Fath Bab al-'Inayah') argued that missing an emphasised sunnah does not constitute sin. A person is rewarded for performing the sunnah and is not sinful for leaving it.

    This is in no way to belittle the status of a sunnah, but to simply understand and accurately position the emphasised sunnah in relation to obligations appropriately.

    Missing an emphasised sunnah should be seen as missing an opportunity for great reward, but based on the arguments above (and a lot more which I can't fit into this post), it does not constitute sin.

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