Arbayin - The Quadraginta [Collection of Forty]

Discussion in 'Bibliophile's Corner' started by abu Hasan, Aug 30, 2014.

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  1. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    watched the video, and have been examining texts; will update, in sha'Allah shortly; while indeed, the word 'nuTfah' does not appear in the main text of either bukhari or muslim, muhaddithin acknowledge the variation vide abu `awanah from wahb ibn jarir from shu'bah.

    the hadith is repeated in bukhari with variations:

    #3208 via the route: Hasan ibn ar-rabi'y -> abu'l aHwaS -> a'amash -> zayd ibn wahb -> abdullah ibn mas'ud

    #3332 via anther route: `umar ibn HafS -> from his father HafS -> a'amash -> zayd ibn wahb -> abdullah ibn mas'ud

    #6594 via a different route: hisham -> shu'bah -> a'amash -> zayd ibn wahb -> abdullah ibn mas'ud

    #7454 different route and varying wording: aadam -> shu'bah -> a'amash -> zayd ibn wahb -> abdullah ibn mas'ud
    (adds the words 40 nights and some other variation)

    ibn hajar says that the 'nuTfah' is added in abu `awanah's musnad.

    and in muslim, it is 2643 in the wording of abdullah ibn numayr al-hamdani and many other narrations.

    qaDi iyad says in ikmal: there is variation in wording in various places in this hadith, but nobody differed that the soul will be blown (in the fetus) after 120 days; which is after the completion of four months and entering the fifth...
  2. chisti-raza

    chisti-raza Veteran

  3. Unbeknown

    Unbeknown Senior Moderator

    discussed this with an 'alim who said that this view is contrary to that of the researching scholars. Scholars generally allow abortion for sharayi reasons at any point before 120 days.

    Shaykh Usama is relying on what the doctors say regarding 'ensoulment' and then re-interpreting the ahadith to fit with their claims. A pertinent question one might ask in this regard is how does one come to know if the ruh has entered the fetus? Does it show unquestionably definite signs of life after 40 days?
  4. Unbeknown

    Unbeknown Senior Moderator

    Attached Files:

  5. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    Bismillāhi’r Raĥmāni’r Raĥīm

    Arbaýīn means forty. Imām Nawawi’s collection of forty ĥadīth is well known as Arbaýīn an-Nawawiyyah [Nawawi’s Quadraginta]. The Imām himself describes this in the preface:
    It has been narrated to us from Álī ibn Abū Ţālib, Ábdullāh ibn Masúūd, Muáādh ibn Jabal, Abū Dardā’a, Ibn Úmar, Ibn Ábbās, Anas ibn Mālik, Abū Hurayrah, Abū Saýīd al-Khudrī rađiyAllāhu ánhum from various chains and varying wording that RasūlAllāh şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said: ‘Whosoever among my followers [ummatī] memorizes forty Ĥadīth related to religious knowledge shall be raised among the groups of jurists and scholars [fuqahā, úlamā] on the day of Judgement.’ in another narration: ‘Allāh táālā shall raise him a jurist, a scholar.’

    In the report of Abū Dardā’a: ‘I shall be his intercessor and witness on the Day of Judgement.’

    In the report of Ibn Masúūd: ‘It shall be said to him: enter paradise from any of the doors you like’

    In the report of Ibn Úmar: ‘He shall be listed among the group of scholars and raised among the group of martyrs’

    Ĥadīth masters [ĥuffāž] are agreed that this is a weak narration [đaýīf], but one with numerous routes.

    Scholars – rađiyAllāhu ánhum – have written numerous treatises in this matter; the first one I know is Ábdullāh ibn Mubārak and then Muĥammad ibn Aslam at-ţūsī, the pious master. Then, Al-Ĥasan ibn Sufyān an-Nasawī, Abū Bakr al-Ājuriyy, Abū Bakr Muĥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Aşfahānī, ad-Dar Quţnī, Al-Ĥākim, Abū Nuáym al-Aşfahānī, Abū Ábd ar-Raĥmān as-Sullamī, Abū Saýīd al-Mālīnī, Abū Úthmān as-Şābūnī, Muĥammad ibn Ábdullāh al-Anşārī, Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī and many others among the earlier ones and the later ones.

    I did istikhāra – prayed to Allāh táālā to help me compile a collection of forty myself, following in the footsteps of leaders and masters of this noble science. [ayimmah, ĥuffāž]
    Wa lillahi’l ĥamd, I have collected many such ‘Quadraginta’ or ‘Collection of Forty.’
    [*] and I shall try to list them here, with a brief description, along with any mentioned in bibliographies.

    * Writing ‘forty’ in Latin makes it easy to use it as a proper noun; because using ‘forty’ without specifying ‘what’ seems like a hanging sentence. To wit:

    The Quadraginta is a magnificent book for beginners.
    The Forty is a magnificent book for beginners.
    The Forty Ĥadīth is a magnificent book for beginners.
    The Collection of Forty is a magnificent book for beginners.

    This also obviates the need to specify forty ‘what’ in other cases – like Arbaýīn of Imām Ghazāli is not just ĥadīth, even though it contains ĥadīth; we can simply say: ‘The Quadraginta’ of Imām Ghazali. It is a mind-trick, but it works.

    If it helps or is easier, we can try French: ‘Quarante.’ This raises the question, why not leave it at ‘Arbaýīn’ in Arabic? Perhaps, it is because English/French are related to Latin and anything said in Latin sounds profound...

    Quidquid latine dictum sit, altum sonatur.
    Last edited: Nov 3, 2006

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