I give barakah to his eyes with which he sees...

Discussion in 'Hadith' started by Inwardreflection, Jan 3, 2016.

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  1. "his Seeing with which he sees"- the Prophet said: ittaqu firasat al-mu'min fa innahu yara bi nurillah "Beware the vision of the believer, for he sees with the light of Allah," then he recited the verse: "Therein lie portents for those who read the signs" Tirmidhi

    Once a man named Sawad Bin Qarib passed by and `Umar (r) did not know him. `Umar (r) said, "This is either a soothsayer or he was so in the days of jahiliyyah." Upon sitting before `Umar (r), Sawad said, "O commander of the faithful! You never received any of your guests the way you did me." `Umar (r) said, "What we used to do in the days of jahiliyyah is worse than this. But tell me about what I have asked you." Sawad said, "You were true, O commander of the faithful! I was a soothsayer in the days of jahiliyyah, then he told him the story." (Ibn Qayyim in Madarij As-Salikeen)
  2. In essence number 2 refers to major sins as is widely accepted that the Saints are protected by Allah from these. Yes number 2 does not seem to be accurate because we are talking of very high spiritual stations here and cannot be attained except through years of little sleep, constant zikr and fighting the nafs Shaytan etc. one who has not repented, shunned all sins and is not always focused on His Lord day and night cannot achieve what the Hadith mentions.

    It is a state that takes lifetimes to achieve, surely one sinning can never attain it and smell its fragrance. Ask Biyastami who spent 40 years correcting himslef every day until he reached what he did.

    On my earlier point- these states are achieved through knowing Adab towards Allah Most High which He Himself divulges to His servants as they advance. One is that once Ihsan is attained that the Slave be in the Presence of the Almighty and his attention be fully focused on His Lord at all times whether he is doing Zikr or not. Surely one who is taken to this condition will not be accustomed to sinning.
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2016
  3. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    aside: imam abu'l qasim qushayri in his risalah says: [p.566]

    question: is a wali given immunity from sin (i.e., is he ma'Sum?)
    answer: as a mandatory attribute, as it is said about prophets, then the answer is NO.
    however, they are protected [maHfuz] such that they will not be insistent and adamant upon sin.
    if they are afflicted with shortcomings, flaws, imperfections; or bane or mistakes, errors sins [hanat, aafaat, zallaat] then this is not considered impossible for them. [in other words, even a wali can commit a sin].

    junaid [baghdadi] was asked: O abu'l qasim can a gnostic [`aarif] commit adultery?
    he bowed down his head for a long time and then he said: "what Allah ta'ala has destined, is bound to occur."
    Allah ta'ala knows best.

  4. sunni_porter

    sunni_porter Well-Known Member

    Is the above translation fine? What would be the best possible translation (i.e. translate in a way so that one does not interpret as if Allah is the individual's hand, feet, etc.)?
  5. Aqdas

    Aqdas Staff Member

    "Whosoever shows enmity to one of My Friends, I shall declare war upon him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes, his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask something of Me, I would surely give it to him. Were he to seek refuge in Me, I would surely grant him it. Nor do I hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take back the believer's soul, for he hates death and I hate to hurt him."

    this is a famous Hadith e Qudsi. i have heard two commentaries of the parts where Allah says a person can draw near to me with nawafil and then Allah gives barakah in this persons eyes etc.

    (1) this person can then see, hear and help from near and far.
    (2) this person will not now do anything that is contrary to shari'ah

    but sayyid hamid sa'eed kazmi said that he has ikhtilaf with (2) because a person who gains the state whereby Allah gives barakah to his eyes etc. has only got that state because he already never did anything contrary to shari'ah. he gains this state [of not contravening shari'ah] before Allah gives barakah to his eyes etc. and therefore the second explanation seems wrong.

    the first explanation is correct because imam razi says it in his tafsir al-kabir [i think under the verses about aSHab e kahf] but is there any authority who considers (2) to be correct as well.

    there is scope for (2) being correct too because it could mean that after Allah gives barakah in his eyes etc. he is even better at obeying Allah.
    Last edited: Apr 17, 2007

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