Imam Baqir

Discussion in 'Hadayiq e Bakhshish' started by abu Hasan, Sep 7, 2020.

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  1. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    baqir e ilm e huda: the one who possesses extensive and abundant knowledge in the sacred sciences

    baqir e alam e huda: baqir, the grandmaster of sacred sciences. baqir, the standard of guidance. baqir, the mountain of knowledge.

    `alam e huda: mountain of guidance, distinguished in sacred knowledge

    `alam e huda: the standard of guidance

    `alam: a prominent person, a star, an authority; or a master [`alam = sayyid]. flag, guidepost, standard;

    `alam = `allamah [see ibn abbad in muHiT, razi in mukhtar al-SiHaH].

    `alam = mountain [jawhari in taj al-lughah]

    `alam = tall mountain [khalil in kitab al-ayn]; plural al-a`lam الأعلام

    may Allah ta'ala give us knowledge and guidance for the sake of baqir e ilm e huda, alam e huda.

    Last edited: Sep 7, 2020
  2. abu Hasan

    abu Hasan Administrator

    baqara means to cause an incision, to split, to cut open into two.

    SELECTIONS FROM BOOKS [note these are relevant passages and not contiguous quotes]

    al-razi, mukhtar al-siHaH:

    tabaqqur = tawassu', abundance; someone with abundant knowledge; possessing vast knowledge.
    imam baqir [who is muhammad ibn ali, abu ja'afar] is therefore known as 'baqir' for possessing vast knowledge. [li tabaqqurihi fi'l `ilm].

    imam raghib in al-mufradat:

    baqara'l arD = to cleave the earth [shaqq]; and because cleaving the earth refers to causing a wide opening, anything that results in a wide opening is referred to as 'baqara' such as, baqartu baTanah = i slit open his belly - if i opened it widely.

    it is therefore, that [imam] muHammad ibn ali raDi'Allahu `anhu is named 'baqir' because of his extensive knowledge in the most complex of sciences [daqa'iq al-`ilm], as if he 'cleaved open its innards'.

    zabidi in taj al-arus:

    al-baqir is the title of al-imam abu abdullah [and also] abu ja'afar, muHammad ibn al-imam `ali zayn al-abidin ibn al-Husayn ibn `ali raDi'Allahu ta'ala anhum [may Allah be pleased with them all].

    he [al-baqir] was born in 57 AH in madinah. his mother is faTimah bint al-Hasan ibn `ali; thus he is the first hashimi born to both hashimi parents; and the first `alawi [progeny of mawla `ali] born to both `alawi parents. he lived for 57 years and passed away in madinah in the year 114 AH and is buried near his father and his uncle.

    he was survived by seven children: ja'afar al-sadiq, ibrahim, ubaydullah, ali, zaynab, umm salamah, abdullah.

    he was given the title [al-baqir] because of his extensive knowledge [tabaHHurihi fi'l `ilm] and because he had a deep knowledge of its principles [aSl / roots] and derived conclusions [far'a / offshoots].


    [also] al-baqir means the lion [al-asad]: because when it hunts its prey, it rips open the stomach [of the hunted animal].

    ibn al-athir, in al-nihayah:

    in the hadith: "naha ani't tabaqquri fi'l ahli wa'l maal" / he forbade us from excess in having large families and wealth.

    tabaqqur here means: abundance, excessiveness [kath'rah, sa`ah].

    baqr: [with sukun on qaf] to cleave open, and to be abundant in [shaqq, tawassu']


    in the hadith of Hudhayfah: "fa ma baalu ha-u-la'illadhina yabquruna buyutana" / what has happened to these folk who make expansive houses.

    here yabqaruna means, make the big and expansive [yaftahunaha wa yuwassi'unaha]

    in the hadith of hud-hud [hoopoe] of hazrat sulayman alayhi's salam: "fa baqara'l arD" / it cleft the earth. i.e., the bird searched for water and saw it under the ground

    umdatu'l huffaz of ibn al-samin al-halabi

    baqara fulanun fi'l arD: someone who has travelled extensively; because he traverses/passes through large sections of the earth. [qaTa'a al-arD = cover a distance, go across, cross]

    muHammad ibn ali raDi'Allahu anhuma is therefore named al-baqir because of his extensive knowledge in the most complex of sciences; and that he 'ripped open its innards' [shaqqihi bawaTinaha] let alone learning about it from the outward.


    in the hadith of ibn abbas about the hoopoe [hud-hud]: fa baqara'l arD / and it cut open the earth.

    that is the bird cut open the earth with its sight [fa-shaqqaha bi baSarihi] until it found water under the ground. this is the meaning of shamir when he says: "he looked for a place for water and saw water below the ground"

    [aH: azhari in his tahzib al-lughah says: "shamir said, and i saw it written in his own hand: baqara means [in this hadith] the hoopoe looked for water and found it below the ground; and it informed hazrat sulayman alayhi's salam and he ordered a well to be dug on that spot"]

    abu ubayd ibn sallam in his gharib al-hadith:

    the hadith of abu musa al-ash'ariyy when it brought strife in open [aqbalati'l fitnah] after the assassination of uthman raHimahullah, when he said: "this is a strife that will split us asunder [al-fitnatu'l baqirah] like an internal disease [ka-da'ail baTni] which one doesn't understand what's causing it and how to cure it."

    Last edited: Sep 7, 2020
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  3. Aqdas

    Aqdas Staff Member

    Ilm e Haqq de Baqir e ilm e huda ke waastey

    But it's actually alam e huda.

    But I was told can be both...?

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