Mawlana Jami on Imam Husayn 'alayhisalam

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  1. Mawlana Jami on Imam Husayn 'alayhisalam: translation of a section
    from Jami's Shawâhid al Nabuwwah

    Translated by Asif J Naqshbandi-Jama'ati

    In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

    The following is a slightly abridged translation of the entry on Imam
    Husayn `alayhisalam from the Urdu translation of Mawlana Jami`s
    Shawahid al Nabuwwah, pages 303-9, by Bashir Hussain Nazim [Mahal
    Publishers, Delhi, 1989].

    Hazrat Mawlana Nuruddin Abdur Rahman Jami (may his secret be
    sanctified!) writes:

    He is the third Imam and the Father of the Imams. His agnomen [kunya]
    is Abu Abdullah and his titles are Shahîd [martyr] and Sayyid
    [master]. His birth took place on Sunday, 4th Sha'ban al Mubarak, 4
    AH in Madina the Illuminated. His period of gestation [time in the
    womb] was only 6 months.

    His pure lordship, the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam named him
    Husayn. His beauty was such that when he sat in the dark the radiance
    from his forehead and cheeks would light up both near and afar. He
    resembled the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam in appearance from
    the chest to his feet and resembled Imam Hassan from his chest to his
    head. His lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam remarked that `Husayn
    is from me and I am from Husayn. Whoever keeps Husayn as a friend you
    also be friends with him because Husayn is a son from amongst my

    The Hasanayn wrestle

    One day Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Husayn began to wrestle. The
    Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said to Imam Hassan, `O Hassan!
    Grab Husayn!' The Lady Fatima said, ` O Messenger of Allah! You tell
    the older one to grab the younger?' His lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa
    sallam answered, `But Gabriel too is telling Husayn to grab Hassan!'

    The dream of Umm al Hârith

    It is narrated from Hazrat Umm al Hârith (may Allah be pleased with
    her!) that I (Umm al Hârith) went into the presence of the Prophet
    and said that I have seen a dream which has frightened me. The
    Prophet said, `What did you see?' I replied, `I saw that a piece of
    flesh was cut from your body and placed in my lap.' The Prophet sal
    Allahu alayhi wa sallam said, `Soon Fatima will bring a boy who will
    be in your lap.' Shortly after this Hazrat Imam Husayn was born.

    Imam Husayn in the eyes of the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam)

    One day the Prophet had placed Imam Husayn alayhisalam on his right
    shoulder and his son Hazrat Ibrahim alayhisalam on his left shoulder
    when Gabriel came and said, `Allah Almighty will not let them both
    remain with you together. He will call one of them back [to Himself].
    Now you can choose whichever one of these two you like.' His lordship
    sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam replied, `If Husayn goes then Fatima, Ali
    and myself will be hurt and if Ibrahim dies my soul will feel the
    greater sorrow. Therefore I prefer my own sorrow.' Three days after
    this event transpired Hazrat Ibrahim alayhisalam passed away.

    Whenever Imam Husayn alayhisalam would come into the presence of the
    Prophet, his lordship sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam would kiss his brow
    and bid him welcome and say, `I sacrificed my son Ibrahim for him!'

    Hazrat Umm Salma and the dust of Karbala

    Hazrat Umm Salma (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that one
    night his lordship alayhisalam went out of the house and came back
    after quite a long time. I noticed that his hair was dishevelled and
    full of dust and enquired, `O' Messenger of Allah! In what state am I
    seeing you today?' The Prophet alayhisalam answered, `Tonight they
    [angels] took me to such a place which is in Iraq and which is called
    Karbala. This is the place where Husayn will be martyred. There I
    witnessed my children and I picked up some of their blood from the
    ground which is in my hand'. His lordship then opened his hand and
    said, `Hold this! Keep it safe.' I took it and looked at it and it
    was red earth. Then I placed it in a bottle and fastened its top very
    firmly. When Hazrat Husayn bin `Ali journeyed to Iraq I took out this
    bottle every day and looked at it. The earth in it remained as it
    was. When I looked at it on the day of Ashura it had turned to fresh
    blood. I understood that people had martyred Hazrat Husayn .I wept a
    great deal but for fear of the enemies I stopped short of wailing.
    When the news of his martyrdom came it was on that very same day
    [that I had seen the blood in the bottle].

    His martyrdom happened on the Day of Ashura in the year 41 AH. At
    that time his age was 57.

    The news of the martyrdom of Husayn alayhisalam

    Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that one day
    the Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam was with Gabriel
    alayhisalam when suddenly Husayn came and joined them. Gabriel
    alayhisalam asked: `Who is this?' His lordship replied, `This is my
    son.' Saying this the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam placed
    Husayn in his lap. Gabriel remarked, `He will be martyred very
    shortly.' The Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam asked, `Who will
    marty him?' Gabriel answered, `Your nation [ummah]. If you say so I
    will also tell you the place where he will be martyred.'

    Afterwards Gabriel alayhisalam indicated towards Karbala and gripped
    some red earth and showed it to the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa
    sallam and said that this is the earth from the place of Husayn's

    It is narrated from Hazrat Sayyidina Imam Zayn al `Abidin alayhisalam
    that when we set off towards Kufa that there was no place where we
    rested or stopped that Imam Husayn alayihsalam didn't mention Hazrat
    Yahya ibn Zakariyya alayhisalam [John the Baptist].

    Sa'îd ibn Jubayr narrates from Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allah
    be pleased with them all) that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa
    sallam received revelation [wahy] that We destroyed seventy thousand
    people in return for the murder of John the Baptist and we will
    destroy double the amount for the murder of your (grand) son.

    It is proved with strong evidences that no one from amongst the
    murderers of Imam Husayn alayhisalam or their helpers remained who
    was not disgraced before his death. All of them were either murdered
    or fell into great calamities.

    The outcome for the murderers of Husayn alayhisalam

    A trustworthy narrator says that when the heads of Ubaydullah ibn
    Ziyad and his comrades were brought to the mosque in Kufa and were
    placed there. I too went there. I heard people saying, `It has come!
    It has come!' At last a snake appeared and sat between their heads.
    Then it went up the nose of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad and then after a
    while it came out and went away until it disappeared from our eyes.
    Again people started saying, `It has come! It has come!' and the same
    snake appeared again and did exactly as it had done before.

    Shimr bin Ziljawshan found some gold from amongst the provisions of
    Imam Husayn alayhisalam which he gave some of it to his daughter. His
    daughter gave it to a goldsmith in order to have some ornaments made
    from it. When the goldsmith placed that gold in the fire it
    disappeared into it! When Shimr heard about this he summoned the
    goldsmith and gave him the remainder of the gold and told him to
    place it in the fire in front of me. When the goldsmith did so it too
    disappeared into the fire. Likewise there is a narration that the
    tyrants slaughtered some camels belonging to Imam Husayn which had
    survived and made kebabs out of them. They tasted so bitter that none
    of them was able to eat the meat.

    Sorrow expressed at the martyrdom of Imam Husayn alayhisalam

    A trustworthy narrator says that I asked a person from the tribe of
    Tayy who came to us if he had heard the jinn mourning Imam Husayn
    alayisalam with elegies [noha]? He said, `Yes. But do not ask
    everyone from this tribe about it because they will all begin to tell
    you things about this matter.' I replied, `I feel it is best only to
    ask you as you yourself have heard it from them.' He said, `I have
    heard them say this:

    The Prophet kissed his forehead—he whose cheeks are radiant and
    His fathers and forefathers are elevated and belong to the noblest of

    Events in Madina relating to the martyrdom of Imam Husayn

    When some wretched people expressed joy at the martyrdom of Imam
    Husayn alayhisalam during the khutba [Friday sermon] the following
    verses were heard that night in Madina although no one could be seen
    reciting them:

    O ye who have killed Husayn out of ignorance
    Glad tidings are given thee about a disgraceful punishment

    The creatures of the heavens whether prophets or angels
    Are, all of them, wishing you naught but ill

    And may you be cursed by the tongue of Solomon son of David
    And by Jesus who is the bringer of the Gospels!

    One of the holy warriors [ghazi] who was in the land of Byzantium
    [Rûm] narrates that I saw the following couplet written in a

    Do those people who martyred Imam Husayn still
    Expect intercession from his Ancestor on the Day of Reckoning?

    When I asked who wrote this couplet the people of the synagogue said
    that they did not know.

    Imam Husayn's head atop a spear

    Hazrat Zayd ibn Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that
    when Ibn Ziyad ordered that the blessed head of Imam Husayn
    alayhisalam be placed atop a spear and paraded through the streets of
    Kufa, I was standing near the window of my house. When the Imam's
    blessed head passed by me I heard the following voice coming from it:

    Or, do you think that the Fellows of the Cave and the Inscription
    were of Our wonderful signs? (Qur'an 18: 09)

    The hairs at the back of my neck stood up at this and I shouted
    out, `By God! This head is that of the grandson of the Prophet sal
    Allahu alayhi wa sallam and such a voice emanating from it is a
    wonder indeed!'

    The heavens rain blood

    Muammar and Zahri (Allah have mercy on them both!) were sitting in
    the gathering of Abd al Malik ibn Marwan when Walid asked, `Who
    amongst you can tell me the state of the stones in Bayt al Maqdis
    [Jerusalem] on the day Husayn was martyred?'

    Imam Zahri said: `I have been informed that on that day whichever
    stone was lifted fresh blood was found beneath it.'

    It is narrated from another person that when Imam Husayn alayhisalam
    was martyred it began to rain blood from the sky and every thing of
    ours became covered in blood and also the sky appeared covered in
    blood for many days afterwards.

    Thus ends the translation from Mawlana Jami's book. Peace and
    blessings be upon Our Master, the Beloved of Allah sal Allahu alayhi
    wa sallam and upon his Companions and his Progeny and especially on
    the Prince of Martyrs, our master Imam Husayn `alayhisalam until the
    Day of Judgement. And all praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

    C Copyright. Asif J Naqshbandi-Jama'ati 2003

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