doesn't change anything. it is a furuyi difference. and ibn abbas did not make takfir of those who forsook talbiyah. 'the material witness' did not say that ameer mu'awiyah ordered them to forsake talbiyah. the hadith of anas raDiyallahu anhu still remains that talbiyah and takbir were both done in the presence of RasulAllah sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam, and the 'material witness' anas raDiyallahu anhu says that they didn't criticise each other. ibn abd al-Barr in his istidhkar mentions that it is a matter of istiHbab not iyjaab. here it is if you didn't catch it: ---- as for what you have cited from sharh ma'ani al-aathar of imam taHawi, there is something omitted in the dashes --- this is again a matter of furuyi ikhtilaf. and this does not invalidate the hadith of bukhari. in fact, this is refuting YOU! if you read it properly, sayyiduna ibn abbas raDiyallahu `anhuma was answering a person like you who wished to criticise ameer mu'awiyah and to shut him up he said: 'mu'awiyah is right'. if you can read the arabic you will notice the reason given by imam taHawi - that it is impossible that sayyiduna ibn abbas raDiyallahu anhuma would oppose what was established [confirmed] near him as the action of RasulAllah sallALlahu alayhi wa sallam. and it is known that ibn abbas raDiyallahu anhuma considered praying 3 witr as sunnah. the 'taqiyyah' that may have blown you off your seat, actually means, he said this as a defence of mu'awiyah raDiyallahu anhu and said it as tawriyah, meaning mu'awiyah was correct in some other issue. he did this tawriyah to stop that person [who asked him] from criticising mu'awiyah. otherwise, you refute your own self from the other hadith you picked it from your 'sources' which says: "they abandon the sunnah in the bughz of ali?" as for the hadith which mentions that ibn abbas raDiyallahu anhuma referred to him as 'donkey', there is another narration that you skipped as it was not for your taste and it says: 'donkey' was not mentioned in that report. anyway, himself being a SaHabi and a prominent one, he could say that - and he might have said that to emphasise his rejection. wAllahu a'alam. the fact still remains that ibn abbas raDiyallahu anhuma considered ameer mu'awiyah raDiyallahu anhu as a sahabi, he answered to SHUT the mouth of some arrogant person who attempted to criticise a SaHabi in his presence. in other words nawazuddin, ibn abbas raDiyallahu anhuma was refuting you and asking you to SHUT UP. capiche? --- in your blind hatred of the saHabi, you are repeatedly humiliating yourself and parading your ignorance. anyway, let us see what new trick your rafizi friends teach you next.